COVID-19: Curfew is an order by Government specifying a time during which certain regulations apply. It refers to the time when every citizen stay in their home. The purpose of curfew is to ensure the safety of every person, as well as prevent crime, regulate society etc.
Curfew is not just a rule but a regulation enjoining the withdrawal of persons from the streets or the closing of business at a stated hour. Curfew comes from the French word cueverefeu “ To cover Fire”.
Curfews Types Emergency business and Juvenile
An Emergency curfew is temporary and implemented in a time of crisis example civil disobedience or a natural disaster.
Business Curfew that allows Restaurants, Shops and other Business Places where People gathered to shut shop or open limited given hours.
Juvenile curfew prohibits minors from being out public or in a business establishment during curfew.
What is section 144 prohibits Public gathering
Criminal procedure Code (CrPC) Section 144 introduced in 1973. Dhara 144 empowers the magistrate of any state or Union territory in India to pass an order prohibiting the gathering of 3 or more than 3 people. It’s an emergency situation of the danger of an event that has the potential to create a troubling situation to human lives or property. The purpose of section 144 in India to maintain peace and order.
Provisions of section 144
- Restrict on handling or Transporting any kind of weapon where Dhara 144 has been imposed.
- In any violation case, a punishment of 3 years.
- All schools, educational institutes remain closed.
- Banned Rallies and Public meeting such areas.
- Section 144 also empowers the authorities to stop internet services.
Time Duration of order of Section 144 in India
No order of section 144 can remain in force for a period of more than 2 months. Due to State govt. Discretion, it can be extended for 6 months with maximum validity.
Social Distancing Janata Curfew
To prevent the COVID-19 Coronavirus, Indian Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi announced Janata’s curfew. During Janata curfew People, all over India requested to stay at Home for fourteen hours to prevent the spread of novel Coronavirus.
Social Distancing is the key point of Janata curfew, it is a non-pharmaceutical infection prevention and control intervention to stop or slow down the disease transmission rate. The scary part of the coronavirus is not about the death rate but the way it spreads eventually. Reactive and proactive are the ways to handle any problem, in reactive way people aware of damage whereas in a proactive way people prevent damage if handled correctly to follow rules, regulations, and restrictions.
Due to the COVID-19 Outbreak situation, the center has extended the lockdown. It has been pushed to 17, May. The Extension will however some relaxation, basis on Red Zone, Orange Zone & Green Zone.